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The name by which it is known globally was given by the noted explorer and missionary Dr.
David Livingstone, who named the Falls after Queen Victoria during a visit in 1855.
Most of the pyramids (there are over 100 pyramids in Egypt) were built as tombs to preserve the mummified bodies of the dead pharaohs, and keep them safe and undisturbed in their afterlife.
The Great Pyramid was built from 2.3 million stone blocks, weighing in at an unfathomable 5.9 million tonnes - roughly equivalent to 590 Eiffel Towers!
The temples were originally carved out of sandstone over 3,000 ago, during the reign of the great Pharaoh Ramesses II and were dedicated to him, his wife and the Egyptian gods.
It was discovered, excavated (and looted) by European explorers in the early 19th century, when it was rumoured to be named ‘Abu Simbel’ after the boy who led the first explorer to discover the site.
When the Egyptian government were constructing the Aswan High Dam in the 1960s, the temples faced submergence under the waters of the resulting Lake Nassar, and the government sought the assistance of UNESCO and the international community to help them avoid this potential disaster.
It is definitely one of the highlights of any trip to Tanzania.
The relocation included dismantling the two temples, moving them to their new location and then reassembling them in exactly the same form and relationship to each other and to the sun.
In their new home, they are surrounded by an artificial mountain to try and recreate their original setting.
The greatest of these pyramids is the tomb of Pharaoh Khufu (also known as Pharaoh Cheops), found at Giza, a few kilometres south of Cairo, at the same location as the great Sphinx - a half-human, half-lion statue considered to be one of the world’s largest and oldest statues.
This is where the mighty Kings of Egypt and their attending elite were laid to rest for over 500 years, between the 11th and 16th centuries BC.