Facilities accommodating suicide in 1945
Because the round trip to Japan was close to 3000 miles, all bombers that took off from the island had to be overloaded with fuel.
This requirement made takeoff crashes common - a problem that planners of the atomic bomb had not anticipated.
The Sea Bees also built docks to accommodate the USS Indianapolis, which was steaming to Tinian at full speed with its precious atomic cargo.
In late July 1945, following repairs in California, she made a high-speed trip to Tinian Island to deliver atomic bomb components for "Little Boy," the bomb that dropped on Hiroshima.
Tinian, easy to supply by sea and perfect for launching air attacks against Japan, was desired by the U. Navy construction battalions known as the Sea Bees began bulldozing mere days after the island was secured.
Six runways were completed within two months and Tinian soon became the biggest air base in the world.
Beside these runways stood in long rows the great silvery airplanes. From the air this island, smaller than Manhattan, looked like a giant aircraft carrier, its deck loaded with bomber..." (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1986), 681.
Other construction projects included: barracks, an administration building, oil storage facilities, weapons depots, an air-conditioned bomb assembly building, and bomb loading pits.
Hundreds of B-29s from Guam, Saipan, and Tinian - loaded with powerful Torpex bombs - converged on the Japanese city of Koromo to deliver the last attack of the war.Tinian Island was the launching point for the atomic bomb attacks against Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan.One of three islands in the Northern Marianas, Tinian is less than forty square miles in size and located approximately 1,500 miles south of Tokyo. military referred to Tinian with the codename "Destination." The taking of Tinian was preceded by the invasion of Saipan, also part of the Marianas, on June 15, 1944.Completing that mission, she sailed for the Philippines.Shortly after midnight on July 30, 1945, she was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine and sank quickly.
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It includes the takeoff and return of the Enola Gay, which dropped "Little Boy" on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945.