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Anand capped his junior career by winning the 1987 World Junior Chess Championship.: In 1986, he won the Arab-Asian International Chess Championship.
In 1989, he won the 2nd Asian Active Chess Championship held in Hong Kong.
In 2000, he beat Alexey Shirov 3 in the final match held at Tehran to become the FIDE World Chess Champion, after defeating Viktor Bologan, Smbat Gariginovich Lputian, Bartlomiej Macieja, Khalifman, and Adams in the preliminary rounds.
He failed to defend the title in 2002, losing in the semifinals to Ivanchuk after defeating Olivier Touzane, Peter Heine Nielsen, Vladislav Tkachiev, Dreev, and Shirov in the earlier rounds.
In May 2012, he faced the winner of the World Championship Candidates (2011), Boris Gelfand, to again successfully defend his title, winning the Anand - Gelfand World Chess Championship (2012) 2.5-1.5 ( 1 =3) in the rapid game tiebreaker after drawing the classical games 6-6 ( 1 -1 =10).
As a result of Magnus Carlsen winning the World Championship Candidates (2013), the Anand - Carlsen World Championship (2013) was played in November 2013.
The first game of the match was a fighting draw with Anand playing a queen pawn's opening and Carlsen successfully defending a Grunfeld.
Final score was 6.5-3.5 ( 3 =7) in Carlsen's favor.
Anand's loss in the 2013 World Championship match with Carlsen did, however, qualify him to play in the World Chess Championship Candidates (2014), which he won with a round to spare.
In Bonn in October 2008, he successfully retained his crown when he won the twelve-game Anand - Kramnik World Championship Match (2008) by 6.5-4.5 ( 3 -1 =7).
The following year, he successfully defended his title in the Anand - Topalov World Chess Championship (2010) by 6.5-5.5 after winning the 12th and final classical game scheduled for the match.